The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
GRAND FORKS – No bird is more closely associated with a national holiday than the turkey ... The turkey on the dinner table is the product of genetic engineering. The turkey in the woods is nature’s original. Wild turkeys have become established in the Red River Valley, but they are not native to our area ... Some argue that wild turkeys are taking over.
When I was a child, I used to write and hide secret letters to the archeologists of the future ... Now, happily, I do that professionally ... There certainly weren’t any stories about refugees ... Yusra and Sara Mardini were making the perilous voyage from Turkey to Greece when the engine on their boat failed – it was old, and carrying too many people ... .
Turkey and Pakistan plan to use a mixture of US and Russian technologies in the TF-X, as Turkey produces the US General Electric F118 engine under license ...The US may block the transfer of jet engine technology to Turkey due to the latter’s mentioned controversial purchase of Russia’s S-400 surface-to-air missiles.
... multi-player online strategy game set in what is now modern-day Turkey during the 13th century. Initially, the storyline focuses on Ertugrul Gazi, played by Engin Altan Duzyatan, a leader and tribal warrior of the Kayi tribe, who serves as the main character of the game.
The shipping industry is continuing the rapid adoption of methanol which is quickly emerging as the alternative fuel of choice for new vessel construction ... The vessel was designed by Norway’s NSKShipDesign together with Cecon’s engineering team. It will be built at Turkey’s Sefine Shipyard and is scheduled for delivery in Q1 2025.
Sisters Yusra (left) and Sara Mardini (pictured at the Bambi Awards 2016 in Berlin), who swam alongside d a dinghy filled with refugees from Turkey to Greece, have had their story immortalised in an upcoming Netflix film ... They then spent three hours swimming alongside the dinghy across the water from Turkey to Greece.
The Coast Guard in Rhodes arrested a 21-year-old Turkish man for transporting illegal immigrants to Greece... There he landed the migrants on the beach and started to return to Turkey, but a few metres later his engine broke down and he called 112 to ask for help ... Tags. Greece news, Greek news, illegal immigrants, immigrants, refugees, Rhodes, Turkey ... 0.
Turkey’s leader hopes to meet with Joe Biden on the sidelines of the G-20, and the grain corridor — which expires Nov ... Yet he also avoided choosing sides, putting at risk the growing ties with Ukraine he had built on military cooperation – in particular Ukraine’s supply of engines for Turkey’s well-regarded Bayraktar TB2 armed drones.
The key to a good turkey. Millions of folks will be looking to the grocery store for their holiday turkey needs in the next week, but what most of us set on the table at Thanksgiving doesn't much resemble a wild turkey. Factory birds are genetically engineered to have ...
July 2, 1943 — Nov. 9, 2022. We are heartbroken to announce the passing of Thomas William Mozdzen ... 9, 2022 ... George ... His career as an automotive engineer began the old-school way ... He held a variety of positions and had opportunities to travel to Brazil, Germany, Turkey, and Japan. He retired after exactly 40 years as a process engineer on March 1, 2007.