The turkey is a large bird in the genusMeleagris, which is native to the Americas. One species, Meleagris gallopavo (commonly known as the domestic turkey or wild turkey), is native to the forests of North America, mainly Mexico and the United States. The other living species is Meleagris ocellata or the ocellated turkey, native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak (called a snood). They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.
Turkeys are classed in the family of Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, francolins, junglefowl, grouse and relatives) in the taxonomicorder of Galliformes. The genus Meleagris is the only genus in the subfamily Meleagridinae, formerly known as the family Meleagrididae, but now subsumed within the family Phasianidae.
History and naming
When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guineafowl– i.e., as members of a group of birds which were thought to typically come from the country of Turkey. The name of the North American bird thus became "turkey fowl", which was then shortened to just "turkey". In 1550, the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England, was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey-cock in his pride proper".
Ampelographers estimate that Turkey is home to between 600–1200 indigenous varieties of Vitis vinifera (the Europeangrapevine), though less than 60 of these are grown commercially. With over 1,500,000 acres (6,100km2) planted under vine, Turkey is the world's fourth-leading producer of grapes.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey's first president, established the country's first commercial winery in 1925. According to the OIV, the total wine production in 2005 was 287,000 hl. In the first half of 2009, wine consumption in Turkey reached 20,906,762 litres.
Merle Keefer, owner of Pekin Bass and Bow, estimated that he has sold about 200 turkey permits this year ... Both Barth and Keefer advised first-time turkey hunters to remember that their quarry is not the genetically engineered broad-breasted white turkey that exists solely to make its way to someone’s dinner table.
Anadolu Agency is here with a rundown of the latest developments on the coronavirus pandemic and other news in Turkey and around the world. - Coronavirus and other developments in Turkey ... Turkey has successfully tested its first hybrid engine that will be used in its moon mission, the country's technology and industry minister said Sunday.
Turkey has successfully tested its first hybrid engine that will be used in its planned MoonMission, the country's technology and industry minister said on Sunday ... Turkey successfully tests its 1st hybrid engine for moon mission ... Stressing that the liquid oxygen oxidative hybrid engines are a new technology of great importance for Turkey, he said.
Turkey has successfully tested its first hybrid engine that will be used in the MoonMission, the country's technology and industry minister said on Sunday ... ignition of the hybrid engine planned to be used in the lunar mission.
Seeking refuge from the daily grind and the novel coronavirus, an increasing many in Turkey have turned to caravans and tiny houses for their vacations as the pandemic, lockdowns and restrictions have made many other, more luxurious, options less within reach ... electric engines.
Turkey on Tuesday rescued at least 76 asylum seekers, including some who were pushed back by Greek Coast Guard forces into Turkish territorial waters in the Aegean Sea, according to a security source ... their rubber boat's engine failed.